“The Effects of School-Based Writing-to-Learn Interventions on Academic Achievement: A Meta-Analysis”

Robert L. Bangert-Drowns, Marlene M. Hurley, and Barbara Wilkinson

  • 46 studies published between 1926 and 1998
  • Ranged from elementary to college
  • Most involved writing for informational purposes
  • Summarized by Rick VanDeWeghe in “Research Matters” in the English Journal, Vol. 95, No. 2

What is the connection between writing and learning?

LEARNING
  • Active, personal, and self-regulated construction of organized conceptual relationships, refined by feedback

WRITING
  • Active organization of personal understanding
  • Written product makes them available to feedback in self-reflection and revision

BOTH engage METACOGNITIVE THINKING